Updates? The plant's Family is Cactaceae. Barrel cacti get their botanical name, Ferocactus cylindraceus, from the Latin prefix ‘ferox’, meaning ferocious, wild, or fierce, and ‘cylindraceus’ that means cylindrical. The genus is related to Sclerocactus, Thelocactus, and Turbinicarpus, and its taxonomy is contentious. Sometimes, they grow directly out of crevices in canyon walls. In a favorably warm spot, barrel cacti can eventually grow as tall as a man. Ferocactus cylindraceus can reach a height of 3 m (9,5 feet) and 50 cm (20 inches) in diameter, usually found individually, rarely branched. Some specialists consider that the name “compass barrel” is sometimes misapplied to Ferocactus cylindraceus, which grows straight up in its old age, instead of slanting as would Ferocactus wislizeni. It was first described by George Engelmann in 1853. The nearly 30 species of the genus Ferocactus are found in dry environments of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Some of the largest specimens can be found in the Mojave Desert in southern California. The barrel cactus can live to be over 100 years old. They come in different sizes, but all of them are cylindrical. In summer, you should water your Barrel cactus once per week. Location, water, soil, and container are the important things to consider when growing a barrel cactus. It is said that the Barrel cactus contains a reservoir of water suitable for reducing the thirst of desert travelers. The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. They can reach about 3 metres (10 feet) high and about 60 cm in diameter, and the stems generally have strong stiff spines and prominent ribs. There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. The barrel cactus can be quite wonderful when it is well-cared for. Native people have long depended on the barrel cactus flowers and seeds as a source of food; the large stems were sometimes hollowed out to cooking pots, and the cactus spines were used as needles. The soil should be dry when you repot barrel cacti and the container should be slightly larger than the plant. Corrections? Thelocactus is a genus of a few to 30 species (depending on the authority) of small to medium-sized more or less spiny plants with tubercles (protuberances) distinct or coalescent into ribs. The fruit can be easily removed but is not usually consumed because it is fairly dry and bitter. ", Field of barrel cacti, created with human intervention, in a gravel garden somewhere in California, US, Barrel cactus cluster in Sahuarita, Arizona, Barrel cactus at the Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum botanical garden, Blooming barrel cactus in the Mojave Desert, California, Late-blooming barrel cactus in Landers, California, Barrel cactus in Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, Arizona, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Barrel_cactus&oldid=983328406, Articles needing additional references from February 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 October 2020, at 16:19. The quantity of fertilizer will depend on the size of your pot and plant. This succulent type requires typical watering as the other succulents. Some species of barrel cactus reach over 1 metre (3.3 ft) in height at maturity, and have been known to reach 3 metres (9.8 ft) in some regions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This is due to the belief that these "living barrels" are reservoirs of fresh drinking water in the hot arid deserts just waiting to be … We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. Make sure to recognize the exact type of cactus that you have, as some varieties can be poisonous. It is worth mentioning that the fruit must be overripe before picking the seeds. Warmth throughout the year will increase your success at growing barrel cacti as these plants require minimum temperatures above 5°C. Ferocactus cylindraceus is a round, large barrel-shaped cactus covered with a dense net of spines. Rarely, the flowers have a middle red stripe. Since old age plants are used for treating and curing different diseases. Company No.05695741 The fruits are copiously woolly, and this is one major distinction between Echinocactus and Ferocactus. The best method of watering a barrel cactus is the ‘soak and dry’ technique and it consists of allowing the soil to dry completely between waterings. Ferocactus cylindraceus is found in California, Arizona, and northern Mexico at altitudes of 600-1500 meters (2000-5000 feet). The ribs are numerous and pronounced, and the spines are long and can range in color from yellow to tan to red, depending on the age of the plant and the species. The barrel cactus usually requires plenty of … The Echinocactus has a hazy crown of fine spines, while the Ferocactus has sharp spines. Advertiser Disclosure: Barrel cactus, name for a group of more or less barrel-shaped cacti (family Cactaceae) native to North and South America. In scientific classification of Barrel Cactus, Family is a main factor. The Barrel Cactus (Ferocactus cylindraceus) are various members of the two genera Echinocactus and Ferocactus,found in the deserts of Southwestern North America. UK, Hours Ferocactus Cylindraceus Seeds, From Amazon. It is commonly known as cardón, a name derived from the Spanish word cardo, meaning "thistle". Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Ferocactus cylindraceus is a species of barrel cactus which is known by several common names, including California barrel cactus, Desert barrel cactus, and miner's compass. Although it is widely cultivated in nurseries, golden barrel is endangered in its natural environment. The barrel cacti are quite versatile as they can tolerate temperatures as low as -7 ºC (20 ºF). In Mexico the flesh of the barrel cactus is candied and eaten as a treat. Most barrel cacti have flowers that grow in rings around their tops, but they are more sought after for their colored (gold, red, pink, or grey) spines than their flowers. Flowers appear at the top of the plant only after many years. Repotting is also an important part of cacti care. It is a ball-shaped cactus eventually growing to a cylindrical shape, with spiny ribs and red or yellow flowers in summer. Fill a flat container with succulent and cacti soil mix and sow the seeds on the surface of the soil. Further scientific classification of Barrel Cactus is as follows: Along with Barrel Cactus, scientific classification is also important. Radial spines, resembling the spokes of a wheel, appear below the central spine clusters.