Can The passive infinitive is formed: to be + past participle. / I need to be given more time. This job cannot be done. In British English it is possible to use an -ing form after need. Since the meaning of need + ing is passive, there is another way to express, through passive: - My clothes need ironing OR My clothes need to be ironed (need to be ironed literally). Ought to I guess "the dog need ..." is correct. Because there is no grammatical or usage mistake in that sentence. I am not why but your sentence "The dog needs to be fed" doesn't sound good. As with the present infinitive, there are situations where the zero form of the passive infinitive is required, so the word to is omitted. The attackers kept hostages to prevent the police from entering. Would She wants a doctor to see her. Note that need not have does not mean the same as did not need to. It is also used after negative words like hardly and only. But i am in hesitation about usage of infinitive passive. (= They came all this way, but it was not necessary. Ordinary need is followed by an infinitive with to. A sentence constructed in a passive manner may not have a clear subject doing the action of the verb. / She wants to be seen by a doctor. She tried looking in the paper, but there was nothing. There is another way to express this idea, look at this example: And now let's compare these two examples: What differences do you see between the two examples? The sentence above means "the house needs to be cleaned." Had better ... 2nd In the first example use the verb infinitive to need more, while in the second need is followed by -ing form. Where We Can Use "The Passive Infinitive (To Be + Past Participle)"? 1. Need is used both as an ordinary verb and as an auxiliary verb. to indicate what is possible or what is correct. everybody. Need I come again? I started to learn Russian, but it was so much work that I finally quit the class. 3. I know its different and form. In the sentence above, "We regret to inform you" means "We wish we did not have to tell you (bad news).". In the sentence above, "dreaded to think" means "did not want to think.". The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. Need + verb -ing Passive infinitive. The structure need not + perfect infinitive can be used to say that somebody did something, but that was unnecessary. 2nd In the first example use the verb infinitive to need more, while in the second need is followed by -ing form. When "begin" is used in continuous tenses, an infinitive is used. I have to iron my clothes = I have to iron. My sheets need to be changed. Will the windows in the office need to be washed or the windows need washing examples: these walls need to be painted these walls need painting need + gerund need + passive infinitive need + gerund Directions: Rewrite each short sentence or question using a passive infinitive: Example: He wants to marry someone. An infinitive is also used if you are asking someone to try something they may or may not be able to accomplish. "Regret" is sometimes used with infinitives such as "to inform." He needs to call his boss. Sometimes, people need to be told the truth. In the sentence above, he stopped in order to rest for a few minutes. "Dread" is sometimes used with infinitives such as "think" or "consider." She forgot reading the book when she was a kid. I wanted to stay for a few more days. Afraid things are a little different, Man. Posted by Manjusha You are here: Home-> English Grammar-> Need as a modal auxiliary verb. when shall i use it? Should The windows want cleaning. May and Can: differences It means the same as a passive infinitive. How would you say in English have to iron clothes? Once you have mastered those two things, all you need to know is that you can use a passive infinitive (one that contains to be) in all the same places you can use any other infinitive. the windows in the office need to be washed or the windows need washing examples: these walls need to be painted these walls need painting need + gerund need + passive infinitive need + gerund As an ordinary verb need is used in the sense of 'require'.It has the usual forms needs and needed. It's the writer's or speaker's choice I guess. EnglishForward.com | The Internet's Largest Learn English Community | The sentence above means that she read the book when she was a kid, and that she has forgotten that fact. My sheets need changing. The common and correct way of saying it "The dog needs feeding.". Need is used both as an ordinary verb and as an auxiliary verb. Vocabulary Examples of modal need with a passive infinitive: Need the dog be fed again so soon? When we say that somebody did not need to do something, we are simply saying that it was not necessary (whether or not it was done). Marge started talking really fast. I wanted to stay for a few more days. 2. … Examples of modal need with a passive infinitive: Need the dog be fed again so soon? It doesn't sound right to me to use modal, The only version I've ever heard is "Need you do that?". / He wants to be married. As an ordinary verb. The grass needs (to cut) because it's very high. When forget is used with an infinitive, it means "to forget that you need to do something." [email protected], kindly let me know where,when & how we can use passive infinitive in a sentence.I am little confued with the usage of passive infinitive so pls explain it with some examples & also try to explain its meaning(to be watched,to be done etc..). When "start" is used in non-continuous tenses, you can either use a gerund or an infinitive. Ordinary need is followed by an infinitive with to. Passive infinitive "Need" plus a verb with -ing has the same meaning as a passive infinitive. Need, require and want can be followed by the active or passive to-infinitives to express active or passive meanings, respectively: I need to make a phone call. Link To Us I remember mentioning the meeting yesterday. The verb need in one of its meanings and structures has a passive sense. "Try + gerund" is often used when you experiment with something, but you do not really like it or want to do it again. John hopes that company hires him. ." IELTS ), For timeline diagrams, quotes and exercises, check out our e-book The Grammaring Guide to English Grammar, Grammaring – A guide to English grammar | Copyright © 2009-2020, Non-finite verb forms (infinitives, gerunds and participles), Verbs followed by the TO-infinitive or gerund, Verbs followed by the TO-infinitive or gerund with a difference in meaning. Need+passive infinitive and need+ verb+ing domingo, 8 de mayo de 2016. The sentence above means "the house needs to be cleaned.". ), We need not have waited for his approval. 1. Karen likes to be praised when she does well in class. Must He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Need is usually used in questions without 'not'. He needs to call his boss. Practical English Usage pls help me? ). You must log in or register to reply here. Your hair is too dirty, it needs (to wash) immediately. I want this picture to be seen easily. permission. Need+passive infinitive and need+ verb+ing domingo, 8 de mayo de 2016. They are all eager to be greeted by the mayor. (It should be cut.) also possible in some cases. Note that the auxiliary form of need is rare in American English. Passive Versus Active Infinitive Sentence Construction . Terms of Use I need you to give me more time. Modal Auxiliary Verbs In Spanish, if you can help a translation, we could say "must" is impersonal: no ironing clothes. She wants a doctor to see her. Grammatical Terms 5. Harry wants to be helped. JavaScript is disabled. 1. / _____. This bedroom hasn't been cleaned for months, it needs (to clean) today. He needs him to call his boss. Must and have to: The Difference 4. The passive infinitive is used in some constructions using the passive voice. He needed some more time to decide the question. (= We waited for his approval, but that was not necessary. "Need" is usually used with an infinitive or an object + an infinitive. _____. English Speaking These photos require careful handling. Can I say: "The dog need be fed."? / He wants to be married. 1. It has no -s in the third person singular. Shall In the first example the subject of the sentence is 'I', one person, while in the second, the person does not appear in the sentence and the subject is 'my clothes', right? Well, you can say two things: 1. 3. She also tried going shop to shop, but nobody was hiring. She tried eating the snake soup, but she didn't like it. Might The auxiliary form of need is used mainly in questions and negatives. "Need" is usually used with an infinitive or an object + an infinitive. Sometimes, people need to be told the truth.. My job requires me to handle many letters from abroad. English Grammar Harry wants help. When "forget" is used with a gerund, it means "to forget that you have done something." When "start" is used in continuous tenses, an infinitive is used. "Try + gerund" means to try or to experiment with different methods to see if something works. The sentence above means that she forgot that she needed to pay the rent. Modal need does not have nonfinite forms, so there is no past participle to use in forming a perfect tense or passive voice with modal need. When "stop" is used with an infinitive, the infinitive takes on the meaning of "in order to."