Look for firm, plump, unblemished roots and store them in the refrigerator. Terms of Service, © 2020 Remedy Health Media, LLC All rights reserved, faculty at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health. Cassava (also called Yuca or Manioc): This starchy tuber is cultivated in South America where it originated, as well as in Africa, the Caribbean, the South Pacific, and Florida. They are similar to Jerusalem artichokes in taste and texture. The corm you plant is used up for growing the flower. Tuber vegetables are divided into two categories: stem tubers and root tubers. It is typically used as a bland foil for spicy side dishes or condiments. Most tubers root from the bottom. Root tubers have enlarged, edible roots and tend to grow deeper in the soil. There are a handful of yams that eventually make it to the American market, by way of local African, Asian, or Caribbean populations: cushcush, name yam, Japanese yam, yama root, yamiamo. It is starchy and dry-fleshed and only slightly sweet. Some crocuses have reticulate tunics, and others are annulate, which is one way you can tell crocus species apart. Although it is not very common, you’ll find salsify in some markets in the fall and winter. Shaped like a turnip, it has a thin brown skin and crisp, juicy flesh rather like a fine-textured apple. Rather, it is a type of sunflower. Use it as you would potatoes or sweet potatoes. Hearty and nourishing, roots and tubers have been important foods for thousands of years. This is the plant used to make arrowroot flour. In their fresh form, they do look like chestnuts. The tuberous roots cluster together, joined to the bottom of a stem. True bulbs are made up of rings, called scales, which are modified leaves that store food. It needs to be peeled before using. But it is also sold under the name sunchoke, which is a more appropriate name because this plant has no connection to either Jerusalem or artichokes. Be sure to serve taro hot—it becomes very sticky as it cools. Plants that use rhizomes for food storage have fatter, more bulblike rhizomes, covered with a dry base of leaves. Batata: This dry-fleshed sweet potato is rounder than American sweet potato types and has a mottled red-purple skin. The tops can be used like regular leaf parsley. Some tubers, such as anemones, aren’t so orderly. Tubers lack a basal plate. Examples of root vegetables include beets, carrots, celeriac, parsnips, sweet potatoes, and turnips. After scraping or peeling the roots, place them in water with a bit of lemon juice to keep them from darkening. The new corm contains the food reserve for the dormant crocus or gladiolus until it’s time to grow again. Instead, it’s a corm, tuber, tuberous root, or rhizome. Although not very popular in the United States, celeriac is a favorite vegetable in France and Italy, where it is eaten both raw and cooked. Old rings on the outside are used up, but the true bulb itself persists from year to year. You can find fresh water chestnuts in Asian food markets. Tuber vegetables are divided into two categories: stem tubers and root tubers. When they get big enough, these offsets, or daughter bulbs, produce flowers on their own. Carrot; Rutabaga; Beet; Daikon; Jicama; Parsley Root; Parsnips; Burdock; Horseradish; Salsify; Scorzonera; Taro; What is a Tuber Vegetable? Like other root vegetables, salsify’s starch turns to sugar during cold storage. Yamiamo: This yam comes from Japan. Distinguishing the top from the bottom of the tuber may be difficult. All true bulbs share the following characteristics: They’re more or less rounded, sort of ball-like, and narrow to a point on the top. Elephant garlic is truly a giant! Yams, which are starchy tubers originally from West Africa, are also stem tubers. Other tubers include tuberous begonia and cyclamen. Peel the papery skin with a paring knife. Yam: Americans use the term “yam” to mean orange-fleshed sweet potatoes. In general, a tuber is high in starch, e.g. These bulbs dry out faster and are more easily bruised. Vitamin C and potassium are its key nutrients. Boniato (Cuban sweet potato): A boniato is a white sweet potato similar to a batata. Stem tubers have edible, thickened rhizomes or stolons, which are like subterranean stems, and grow just below the soil. Look for hard, unblemished jícama roots that are heavy for their size. This tuber doesn’t keep well, but it may stay fresh for a few days in the refrigerator or in a cool, dry place. Dahlia tubers look like thick, brown carrots and have a crisp texture similar to apples. Learn more about tuber characteristics and functions. Characteristics. Do Not Sell My Info previous. Flower “bulbs” come in these forms: true bulbs, corm, tuber, tuberous root, and rhizome. Most tubers root from the bottom. All types of potatoes, such as white, red and new potatoes, are stem tubers. Because these vegetables are so diverse, their nutritional make-up is highly varied. Choose a firm taro root with no shriveled or soft spots. The names of these yams frequently translate simply as “yam.”. Peel malanga and boil, steam, or bake it until tender. Examples of tuberous roots are dahlias, daylilies, and sweet potatoes.